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#!/usr/bin/env python
#
# Copyright 2008, Google Inc.
# All rights reserved.
#
# Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without
# modification, are permitted provided that the following conditions are
# met:
#
# * Redistributions of source code must retain the above copyright
# notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer.
# * Redistributions in binary form must reproduce the above
# copyright notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer
# in the documentation and/or other materials provided with the
# distribution.
# * Neither the name of Google Inc. nor the names of its
# contributors may be used to endorse or promote products derived from
# this software without specific prior written permission.
#
# THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED BY THE COPYRIGHT HOLDERS AND CONTRIBUTORS
# "AS IS" AND ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT
# LIMITED TO, THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR
# A PARTICULAR PURPOSE ARE DISCLAIMED. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE COPYRIGHT
# OWNER OR CONTRIBUTORS BE LIABLE FOR ANY DIRECT, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL,
# SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY, OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES (INCLUDING, BUT NOT
# LIMITED TO, PROCUREMENT OF SUBSTITUTE GOODS OR SERVICES; LOSS OF USE,
# DATA, OR PROFITS; OR BUSINESS INTERRUPTION) HOWEVER CAUSED AND ON ANY
# THEORY OF LIABILITY, WHETHER IN CONTRACT, STRICT LIABILITY, OR TORT
# (INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE) ARISING IN ANY WAY OUT OF THE USE
# OF THIS SOFTWARE, EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGE.
"""pump v0.2.0 - Pretty Useful for Meta Programming.
A tool for preprocessor meta programming. Useful for generating
repetitive boilerplate code. Especially useful for writing C++
classes, functions, macros, and templates that need to work with
various number of arguments.
USAGE:
pump.py SOURCE_FILE
EXAMPLES:
pump.py foo.cc.pump
Converts foo.cc.pump to foo.cc.
GRAMMAR:
CODE ::= ATOMIC_CODE*
ATOMIC_CODE ::= $var ID = EXPRESSION
| $var ID = [[ CODE ]]
| $range ID EXPRESSION..EXPRESSION
| $for ID SEPARATOR [[ CODE ]]
| $($)
| $ID
| $(EXPRESSION)
| $if EXPRESSION [[ CODE ]] ELSE_BRANCH
| [[ CODE ]]
| RAW_CODE
SEPARATOR ::= RAW_CODE | EMPTY
ELSE_BRANCH ::= $else [[ CODE ]]
| $elif EXPRESSION [[ CODE ]] ELSE_BRANCH
| EMPTY
EXPRESSION has Python syntax.
"""
__author__ = 'wan@google.com (Zhanyong Wan)'
import os
import re
import sys
TOKEN_TABLE = [
(re.compile(r'\$var\s+'), '$var'),
(re.compile(r'\$elif\s+'), '$elif'),
(re.compile(r'\$else\s+'), '$else'),
(re.compile(r'\$for\s+'), '$for'),
(re.compile(r'\$if\s+'), '$if'),
(re.compile(r'\$range\s+'), '$range'),
(re.compile(r'\$[_A-Za-z]\w*'), '$id'),
(re.compile(r'\$\(\$\)'), '$($)'),
(re.compile(r'\$'), '$'),
(re.compile(r'\[\[\n?'), '[['),
(re.compile(r'\]\]\n?'), ']]'),
]
class Cursor:
"""Represents a position (line and column) in a text file."""
def __init__(self, line=-1, column=-1):
self.line = line
self.column = column
def __eq__(self, rhs):
return self.line == rhs.line and self.column == rhs.column
def __ne__(self, rhs):
return not self == rhs
def __lt__(self, rhs):
return self.line < rhs.line or (
self.line == rhs.line and self.column < rhs.column)
def __le__(self, rhs):
return self < rhs or self == rhs
def __gt__(self, rhs):
return rhs < self
def __ge__(self, rhs):
return rhs <= self
def __str__(self):
if self == Eof():
return 'EOF'
else:
return '%s(%s)' % (self.line + 1, self.column)
def __add__(self, offset):
return Cursor(self.line, self.column + offset)
def __sub__(self, offset):
return Cursor(self.line, self.column - offset)
def Clone(self):
"""Returns a copy of self."""
return Cursor(self.line, self.column)
# Special cursor to indicate the end-of-file.
def Eof():
"""Returns the special cursor to denote the end-of-file."""
return Cursor(-1, -1)
class Token:
"""Represents a token in a Pump source file."""
def __init__(self, start=None, end=None, value=None, token_type=None):
if start is None:
self.start = Eof()
else:
self.start = start
if end is None:
self.end = Eof()
else:
self.end = end
self.value = value
self.token_type = token_type
def __str__(self):
return 'Token @%s: \'%s\' type=%s' % (
self.start, self.value, self.token_type)
def Clone(self):
"""Returns a copy of self."""
return Token(self.start.Clone(), self.end.Clone(), self.value,
self.token_type)
def StartsWith(lines, pos, string):
"""Returns True iff the given position in lines starts with 'string'."""
return lines[pos.line][pos.column:].startswith(string)
def FindFirstInLine(line, token_table):
best_match_start = -1
for (regex, token_type) in token_table:
m = regex.search(line)
if m:
# We found regex in lines
if best_match_start < 0 or m.start() < best_match_start:
best_match_start = m.start()
best_match_length = m.end() - m.start()
best_match_token_type = token_type
if best_match_start < 0:
return None
return (best_match_start, best_match_length, best_match_token_type)
def FindFirst(lines, token_table, cursor):
"""Finds the first occurrence of any string in strings in lines."""
start = cursor.Clone()
cur_line_number = cursor.line
for line in lines[start.line:]:
if cur_line_number == start.line:
line = line[start.column:]
m = FindFirstInLine(line, token_table)
if m:
# We found a regex in line.
(start_column, length, token_type) = m
if cur_line_number == start.line:
start_column += start.column
found_start = Cursor(cur_line_number, start_column)
found_end = found_start + length
return MakeToken(lines, found_start, found_end, token_type)
cur_line_number += 1
# We failed to find str in lines
return None
def SubString(lines, start, end):
"""Returns a substring in lines."""
if end == Eof():
end = Cursor(len(lines) - 1, len(lines[-1]))
if start >= end:
return ''
if start.line == end.line:
return lines[start.line][start.column:end.column]
result_lines = ([lines[start.line][start.column:]] +
lines[start.line + 1:end.line] +
[lines[end.line][:end.column]])
return ''.join(result_lines)
def StripMetaComments(str):
"""Strip meta comments from each line in the given string."""
# First, completely remove lines containing nothing but a meta
# comment, including the trailing \n.
str = re.sub(r'^\s*\$\$.*\n', '', str)
# Then, remove meta comments from contentful lines.
return re.sub(r'\s*\$\$.*', '', str)
def MakeToken(lines, start, end, token_type):
"""Creates a new instance of Token."""
return Token(start, end, SubString(lines, start, end), token_type)
def ParseToken(lines, pos, regex, token_type):
line = lines[pos.line][pos.column:]
m = regex.search(line)
if m and not m.start():
return MakeToken(lines, pos, pos + m.end(), token_type)
else:
print 'ERROR: %s expected at %s.' % (token_type, pos)
sys.exit(1)
ID_REGEX = re.compile(r'[_A-Za-z]\w*')
EQ_REGEX = re.compile(r'=')
REST_OF_LINE_REGEX = re.compile(r'.*?(?=$|\$\$)')
OPTIONAL_WHITE_SPACES_REGEX = re.compile(r'\s*')
WHITE_SPACE_REGEX = re.compile(r'\s')
DOT_DOT_REGEX = re.compile(r'\.\.')
def Skip(lines, pos, regex):
line = lines[pos.line][pos.column:]
m = re.search(regex, line)
if m and not m.start():
return pos + m.end()
else:
return pos
def SkipUntil(lines, pos, regex, token_type):
line = lines[pos.line][pos.column:]
m = re.search(regex, line)
if m:
return pos + m.start()
else:
print ('ERROR: %s expected on line %s after column %s.' %
(token_type, pos.line + 1, pos.column))
sys.exit(1)
def ParseExpTokenInParens(lines, pos):
def ParseInParens(pos):
pos = Skip(lines, pos, OPTIONAL_WHITE_SPACES_REGEX)
pos = Skip(lines, pos, r'\(')
pos = Parse(pos)
pos = Skip(lines, pos, r'\)')
return pos
def Parse(pos):
pos = SkipUntil(lines, pos, r'\(|\)', ')')
if SubString(lines, pos, pos + 1) == '(':
pos = Parse(pos + 1)
pos = Skip(lines, pos, r'\)')
return Parse(pos)
else:
return pos
start = pos.Clone()
pos = ParseInParens(pos)
return MakeToken(lines, start, pos, 'exp')
def RStripNewLineFromToken(token):
if token.value.endswith('\n'):
return Token(token.start, token.end, token.value[:-1], token.token_type)
else:
return token
def TokenizeLines(lines, pos):
while True:
found = FindFirst(lines, TOKEN_TABLE, pos)
if not found:
yield MakeToken(lines, pos, Eof(), 'code')
return
if found.start == pos:
prev_token = None
prev_token_rstripped = None
else:
prev_token = MakeToken(lines, pos, found.start, 'code')
prev_token_rstripped = RStripNewLineFromToken(prev_token)
if found.token_type == '$var':
if prev_token_rstripped:
yield prev_token_rstripped
yield found
id_token = ParseToken(lines, found.end, ID_REGEX, 'id')
yield id_token
pos = Skip(lines, id_token.end, OPTIONAL_WHITE_SPACES_REGEX)
eq_token = ParseToken(lines, pos, EQ_REGEX, '=')
yield eq_token
pos = Skip(lines, eq_token.end, r'\s*')
if SubString(lines, pos, pos + 2) != '[[':
exp_token = ParseToken(lines, pos, REST_OF_LINE_REGEX, 'exp')
yield exp_token
pos = Cursor(exp_token.end.line + 1, 0)
elif found.token_type == '$for':
if prev_token_rstripped:
yield prev_token_rstripped
yield found
id_token = ParseToken(lines, found.end, ID_REGEX, 'id')
yield id_token
pos = Skip(lines, id_token.end, WHITE_SPACE_REGEX)
elif found.token_type == '$range':
if prev_token_rstripped:
yield prev_token_rstripped
yield found
id_token = ParseToken(lines, found.end, ID_REGEX, 'id')
yield id_token
pos = Skip(lines, id_token.end, OPTIONAL_WHITE_SPACES_REGEX)
dots_pos = SkipUntil(lines, pos, DOT_DOT_REGEX, '..')
yield MakeToken(lines, pos, dots_pos, 'exp')
yield MakeToken(lines, dots_pos, dots_pos + 2, '..')
pos = dots_pos + 2
new_pos = Cursor(pos.line + 1, 0)
yield MakeToken(lines, pos, new_pos, 'exp')
pos = new_pos
elif found.token_type == '$':
if prev_token:
yield prev_token
yield found
exp_token = ParseExpTokenInParens(lines, found.end)
yield exp_token
pos = exp_token.end
elif (found.token_type == ']]' or found.token_type == '$if' or
found.token_type == '$elif' or found.token_type == '$else'):
if prev_token_rstripped:
yield prev_token_rstripped
yield found
pos = found.end
else:
if prev_token:
yield prev_token
yield found
pos = found.end
def Tokenize(s):
"""A generator that yields the tokens in the given string."""
if s != '':
lines = s.splitlines(True)
for token in TokenizeLines(lines, Cursor(0, 0)):
yield token
class CodeNode:
def __init__(self, atomic_code_list=None):
self.atomic_code = atomic_code_list
class VarNode:
def __init__(self, identifier=None, atomic_code=None):
self.identifier = identifier
self.atomic_code = atomic_code
class RangeNode:
def __init__(self, identifier=None, exp1=None, exp2=None):
self.identifier = identifier
self.exp1 = exp1
self.exp2 = exp2
class ForNode:
def __init__(self, identifier=None, sep=None, code=None):
self.identifier = identifier
self.sep = sep
self.code = code
class ElseNode:
def __init__(self, else_branch=None):
self.else_branch = else_branch
class IfNode:
def __init__(self, exp=None, then_branch=None, else_branch=None):
self.exp = exp
self.then_branch = then_branch
self.else_branch = else_branch
class RawCodeNode:
def __init__(self, token=None):
self.raw_code = token
class LiteralDollarNode:
def __init__(self, token):
self.token = token
class ExpNode:
def __init__(self, token, python_exp):
self.token = token
self.python_exp = python_exp
def PopFront(a_list):
head = a_list[0]
a_list[:1] = []
return head
def PushFront(a_list, elem):
a_list[:0] = [elem]
def PopToken(a_list, token_type=None):
token = PopFront(a_list)
if token_type is not None and token.token_type != token_type:
print 'ERROR: %s expected at %s' % (token_type, token.start)
print 'ERROR: %s found instead' % (token,)
sys.exit(1)
return token
def PeekToken(a_list):
if not a_list:
return None
return a_list[0]
def ParseExpNode(token):
python_exp = re.sub(r'([_A-Za-z]\w*)', r'self.GetValue("\1")', token.value)
return ExpNode(token, python_exp)
def ParseElseNode(tokens):
def Pop(token_type=None):
return PopToken(tokens, token_type)
next = PeekToken(tokens)
if not next:
return None
if next.token_type == '$else':
Pop('$else')
Pop('[[')
code_node = ParseCodeNode(tokens)
Pop(']]')
return code_node
elif next.token_type == '$elif':
Pop('$elif')
exp = Pop('code')
Pop('[[')
code_node = ParseCodeNode(tokens)
Pop(']]')
inner_else_node = ParseElseNode(tokens)
return CodeNode([IfNode(ParseExpNode(exp), code_node, inner_else_node)])
elif not next.value.strip():
Pop('code')
return ParseElseNode(tokens)
else:
return None
def ParseAtomicCodeNode(tokens):
def Pop(token_type=None):
return PopToken(tokens, token_type)
head = PopFront(tokens)
t = head.token_type
if t == 'code':
return RawCodeNode(head)
elif t == '$var':
id_token = Pop('id')
Pop('=')
next = PeekToken(tokens)
if next.token_type == 'exp':
exp_token = Pop()
return VarNode(id_token, ParseExpNode(exp_token))
Pop('[[')
code_node = ParseCodeNode(tokens)
Pop(']]')
return VarNode(id_token, code_node)
elif t == '$for':
id_token = Pop('id')
next_token = PeekToken(tokens)
if next_token.token_type == 'code':
sep_token = next_token
Pop('code')
else:
sep_token = None
Pop('[[')
code_node = ParseCodeNode(tokens)
Pop(']]')
return ForNode(id_token, sep_token, code_node)
elif t == '$if':
exp_token = Pop('code')
Pop('[[')
code_node = ParseCodeNode(tokens)
Pop(']]')
else_node = ParseElseNode(tokens)
return IfNode(ParseExpNode(exp_token), code_node, else_node)
elif t == '$range':
id_token = Pop('id')
exp1_token = Pop('exp')
Pop('..')
exp2_token = Pop('exp')
return RangeNode(id_token, ParseExpNode(exp1_token),
ParseExpNode(exp2_token))
elif t == '$id':
return ParseExpNode(Token(head.start + 1, head.end, head.value[1:], 'id'))
elif t == '$($)':
return LiteralDollarNode(head)
elif t == '$':
exp_token = Pop('exp')
return ParseExpNode(exp_token)
elif t == '[[':
code_node = ParseCodeNode(tokens)
Pop(']]')
return code_node
else:
PushFront(tokens, head)
return None
def ParseCodeNode(tokens):
atomic_code_list = []
while True:
if not tokens:
break
atomic_code_node = ParseAtomicCodeNode(tokens)
if atomic_code_node:
atomic_code_list.append(atomic_code_node)
else:
break
return CodeNode(atomic_code_list)
def ParseToAST(pump_src_text):
"""Convert the given Pump source text into an AST."""
tokens = list(Tokenize(pump_src_text))
code_node = ParseCodeNode(tokens)
return code_node
class Env:
def __init__(self):
self.variables = []
self.ranges = []
def Clone(self):
clone = Env()
clone.variables = self.variables[:]
clone.ranges = self.ranges[:]
return clone
def PushVariable(self, var, value):
# If value looks like an int, store it as an int.
try:
int_value = int(value)
if ('%s' % int_value) == value:
value = int_value
except Exception:
pass
self.variables[:0] = [(var, value)]
def PopVariable(self):
self.variables[:1] = []
def PushRange(self, var, lower, upper):
self.ranges[:0] = [(var, lower, upper)]
def PopRange(self):
self.ranges[:1] = []
def GetValue(self, identifier):
for (var, value) in self.variables:
if identifier == var:
return value
print 'ERROR: meta variable %s is undefined.' % (identifier,)
sys.exit(1)
def EvalExp(self, exp):
try:
result = eval(exp.python_exp)
except Exception, e:
print 'ERROR: caught exception %s: %s' % (e.__class__.__name__, e)
print ('ERROR: failed to evaluate meta expression %s at %s' %
(exp.python_exp, exp.token.start))
sys.exit(1)
return result
def GetRange(self, identifier):
for (var, lower, upper) in self.ranges:
if identifier == var:
return (lower, upper)
print 'ERROR: range %s is undefined.' % (identifier,)
sys.exit(1)
class Output:
def __init__(self):
self.string = ''
def GetLastLine(self):
index = self.string.rfind('\n')
if index < 0:
return ''
return self.string[index + 1:]
def Append(self, s):
self.string += s
def RunAtomicCode(env, node, output):
if isinstance(node, VarNode):
identifier = node.identifier.value.strip()
result = Output()
RunAtomicCode(env.Clone(), node.atomic_code, result)
value = result.string
env.PushVariable(identifier, value)
elif isinstance(node, RangeNode):
identifier = node.identifier.value.strip()
lower = int(env.EvalExp(node.exp1))
upper = int(env.EvalExp(node.exp2))
env.PushRange(identifier, lower, upper)
elif isinstance(node, ForNode):
identifier = node.identifier.value.strip()
if node.sep is None:
sep = ''
else:
sep = node.sep.value
(lower, upper) = env.GetRange(identifier)
for i in range(lower, upper + 1):
new_env = env.Clone()
new_env.PushVariable(identifier, i)
RunCode(new_env, node.code, output)
if i != upper:
output.Append(sep)
elif isinstance(node, RawCodeNode):
output.Append(node.raw_code.value)
elif isinstance(node, IfNode):
cond = env.EvalExp(node.exp)
if cond:
RunCode(env.Clone(), node.then_branch, output)
elif node.else_branch is not None:
RunCode(env.Clone(), node.else_branch, output)
elif isinstance(node, ExpNode):
value = env.EvalExp(node)
output.Append('%s' % (value,))
elif isinstance(node, LiteralDollarNode):
output.Append('$')
elif isinstance(node, CodeNode):
RunCode(env.Clone(), node, output)
else:
print 'BAD'
print node
sys.exit(1)
def RunCode(env, code_node, output):
for atomic_code in code_node.atomic_code:
RunAtomicCode(env, atomic_code, output)
def IsSingleLineComment(cur_line):
return '//' in cur_line
def IsInPreprocessorDirective(prev_lines, cur_line):
if cur_line.lstrip().startswith('#'):
return True
return prev_lines and prev_lines[-1].endswith('\\')
def WrapComment(line, output):
loc = line.find('//')
before_comment = line[:loc].rstrip()
if before_comment == '':
indent = loc
else:
output.append(before_comment)
indent = len(before_comment) - len(before_comment.lstrip())
prefix = indent*' ' + '// '
max_len = 80 - len(prefix)
comment = line[loc + 2:].strip()
segs = [seg for seg in re.split(r'(\w+\W*)', comment) if seg != '']
cur_line = ''
for seg in segs:
if len((cur_line + seg).rstrip()) < max_len:
cur_line += seg
else:
if cur_line.strip() != '':
output.append(prefix + cur_line.rstrip())
cur_line = seg.lstrip()
if cur_line.strip() != '':
output.append(prefix + cur_line.strip())
def WrapCode(line, line_concat, output):
indent = len(line) - len(line.lstrip())
prefix = indent*' ' # Prefix of the current line
max_len = 80 - indent - len(line_concat) # Maximum length of the current line
new_prefix = prefix + 4*' ' # Prefix of a continuation line
new_max_len = max_len - 4 # Maximum length of a continuation line
# Prefers to wrap a line after a ',' or ';'.
segs = [seg for seg in re.split(r'([^,;]+[,;]?)', line.strip()) if seg != '']
cur_line = '' # The current line without leading spaces.
for seg in segs:
# If the line is still too long, wrap at a space.
while cur_line == '' and len(seg.strip()) > max_len:
seg = seg.lstrip()
split_at = seg.rfind(' ', 0, max_len)
output.append(prefix + seg[:split_at].strip() + line_concat)
seg = seg[split_at + 1:]
prefix = new_prefix
max_len = new_max_len
if len((cur_line + seg).rstrip()) < max_len:
cur_line = (cur_line + seg).lstrip()
else:
output.append(prefix + cur_line.rstrip() + line_concat)
prefix = new_prefix
max_len = new_max_len
cur_line = seg.lstrip()
if cur_line.strip() != '':
output.append(prefix + cur_line.strip())
def WrapPreprocessorDirective(line, output):
WrapCode(line, ' \\', output)
def WrapPlainCode(line, output):
WrapCode(line, '', output)
def IsMultiLineIWYUPragma(line):
return re.search(r'/\* IWYU pragma: ', line)
def IsHeaderGuardIncludeOrOneLineIWYUPragma(line):
return (re.match(r'^#(ifndef|define|endif\s*//)\s*[\w_]+\s*$', line) or
re.match(r'^#include\s', line) or
# Don't break IWYU pragmas, either; that causes iwyu.py problems.
re.search(r'// IWYU pragma: ', line))
def WrapLongLine(line, output):
line = line.rstrip()
if len(line) <= 80:
output.append(line)
elif IsSingleLineComment(line):
if IsHeaderGuardIncludeOrOneLineIWYUPragma(line):
# The style guide made an exception to allow long header guard lines,
# includes and IWYU pragmas.
output.append(line)
else:
WrapComment(line, output)
elif IsInPreprocessorDirective(output, line):
if IsHeaderGuardIncludeOrOneLineIWYUPragma(line):
# The style guide made an exception to allow long header guard lines,
# includes and IWYU pragmas.
output.append(line)
else:
WrapPreprocessorDirective(line, output)
elif IsMultiLineIWYUPragma(line):
output.append(line)
else:
WrapPlainCode(line, output)
def BeautifyCode(string):
lines = string.splitlines()
output = []
for line in lines:
WrapLongLine(line, output)
output2 = [line.rstrip() for line in output]
return '\n'.join(output2) + '\n'
def ConvertFromPumpSource(src_text):
"""Return the text generated from the given Pump source text."""
ast = ParseToAST(StripMetaComments(src_text))
output = Output()
RunCode(Env(), ast, output)
return BeautifyCode(output.string)
def main(argv):
if len(argv) == 1:
print __doc__
sys.exit(1)
file_path = argv[-1]
output_str = ConvertFromPumpSource(file(file_path, 'r').read())
if file_path.endswith('.pump'):
output_file_path = file_path[:-5]
else:
output_file_path = '-'
if output_file_path == '-':
print output_str,
else:
output_file = file(output_file_path, 'w')
output_file.write('// This file was GENERATED by command:\n')
output_file.write('// %s %s\n' %
(os.path.basename(__file__), os.path.basename(file_path)))
output_file.write('// DO NOT EDIT BY HAND!!!\n\n')
output_file.write(output_str)
output_file.close()
if __name__ == '__main__':
main(sys.argv)
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